We have seen English critics strongly influenced by European thinkers at certain points in our literary history. Three of the major critics considered in the last chapter, Henry James, T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound, were American-born. As the later decades of the century pass, the course of literary criticism in Britain is increasingly influenced, indeed often seemingly determined, by intellectual trends emanating from abroad. With the vastly improved facility of communication, philosophical and cultural innovation is readily projected on to the international scene. The closer involvement of critical developments in Britain with movements initiated abroad, and often fostered especially in the USA, inevitably gives a more cosmopolitan character to studies in this field.
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