War and the loss of empire framed the political experience of Britain from the outbreak of the First World War (1914) to the 1960s, but the environmental, medical, social and economic contexts of British life, as well as the nature of personal experience, were all to be transformed totally as a result of technological innovation and application. The nineteenth century had brought major changes and an increasing sense of continual change. The twentieth century truly witnessed revolutionary transformations in theoretical and applied science and in technology in most fields, whether transport, the generation and distribution of power, medicine, contraception, agricultural yields, or the accumulation, storing and manipulation of information.As a result of these changes, the wealth was created, and means provided, to make feasible the suggestion that man’s lot on earth could be substantially improved.
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