Agricultural and industrial development depended on a number of factors, but one of the most significant was the nature of the infrastructure. Without effective transport systems, regions could not benefit from improvement. Economic activities had different requirements, and improvements in infrastructure did not necessarily benefit all, particularly if the two-way flow of improved communications led to competition from better or cheaper products. However, problems with communications were of general importance. There was significant demand across eighteenth-century Europe for both agricultural and industrial products. That this demand did not produce commensurate growth was due in part to structural difficulties in the economic system. In his memorandum of 1763 on commercial policy Nikita Panin linked his proposals for increasing Russia’s exports to the improvement of transportation within the empire and called for the construction of roads and canals to help move goods to market.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- The Wheels of Commerce
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number