British East Africa was a region of contrasts so far as the route to independence was concerned. The lead was taken in Tanganyika. The event that spurred Tanganyikan nationalists into mass political activity was the eviction in 1951 of thousands of Meru farmers to make way for a handful of white settlers. Following protests against this action by the Tanganyikan African Association, Julius Nyerere led Tanganyikan nationalists in forming the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) in 1954.
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