The term ‘foundations’ in the title of this chapter has been deliberately chosen for two reasons: 1.It reflects the need to have a firm footing on which to base our analysis, our plans and our actions. It is in this sense that theory underpins practice. Theory reflects our underlying knowledge base on the basis of which we ‘theorize’ practice — that is, use concepts and frameworks of understanding to make sense of the practice situations we encounter.2.It emphasizes the fact that theories of inequality, discrimination and oppression are still at a relatively early stage in their development, particularly in terms of how they can be of use in practice situations. There is a great deal of theory building that remains to be done.
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