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Creating imaginary worlds is essential in all forms of speculative fiction, whether you are writing a novel or short story. The works of Le Guin and Tolkien showcase richly invented worlds, made-up languages and imaginative presentations that invite us to what Richard Mathews termed ‘infinite possibility’ in his book Fantasy: the Liberation of Imagination(2002). There is a large presence of language and sophistication in the created worlds inside the fictional realms of Le Guin’s Earthseabooks and Tolkien’s Lord of the Ringsseries. Both authors love languages, where Le Guin applies it as power in the Earthseabooks, and knowledge of the language of magic, the language of dragons, the language of nature, the language of creation … is power. To philologist Tolkien, the culture and linguistics of Middle-earth are part of his investment in world building that compounds the credibility of his fantasy works as literature classics.
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Mathews, R. (2002) Fantasy: The Liberation of the Imagination (London: Routledge), p. 1.
Carver, R. (1981) ‘A Storyteller’s Shoptalk’, viewed 7 March 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/books/01/01/21/specials/carver-shoptalk.html
Ward, M. R. (2018) ‘To the Stars’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 63–74 (eBook).
Rodgers, C. (2018) ‘Two Inches of Tape’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 19–20 (eBook).
Bradbury, R. (2008) ‘The Man’, The Illustrated Man (London: Harper Collins), p. 33.
Gray, P. A. (2018) ‘The Last Monster You Shall Slay’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 97–104 (eBook).
Fassler, J. (2013) ‘Why Stephen King Spends “Months and Even Years” Writing Opening Sentences’, viewed 26 February 2017. http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2013/07/why-stephen-king-spends-months-and-even-years-writing-opening-sentences/278043
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Bradbury, pp. 77–96.
Fell, A. (2018) ‘The Devil Girl’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 105–111 (eBook).
Mathews, p. 5.
University of California Television (2001) An Evening with Ray Bradbury, viewed 7 March 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_W-r7ABrMYU&feature=youtube
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Writer’s Digest (2010) Author Q&A: Orson Scott Card, viewed 7 March 2017. http://www.writersdigest.com/qp7-migration-books/card-interview
Collins, L. T. (2018) ‘The Sonata Machine’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 89–90, (eBook).
Ebert, C. (2018) ‘A World Where Sandy Never Died’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 21–34 (eBook).
Ashton, K. (2018) ‘The larval stage’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 37–47 (eBook).
Le Guin, U. K. (2007) ‘FAQ’, viewed 26 January 2018. http://www.ursulakleguin.com/FAQ.html
Jonas, G. (2018) ‘Ursula K. Le Guin, Acclaimed for her Fantasy Fiction, Is Dead at 88’, viewed 26 January 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/23/obituaries/ursula-k-le-guin-acclaimed-for-her-fantasy-fiction-is-dead-at-88.html
King, S. (2018) @StephenKing, viewed 26 January 2018. https://twitter.com/StephenKing/status/955939239857967105
Murnane, G. (2018), ‘The Still-Breathing Author’, viewed 18 February 2018, https://sydneyreviewofbooks.com/the-still-breathing-author-gerald-murnane
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Callil, C. (2014) ‘ All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr. Review—A Story of Morality, Science and Nazi Occupation’. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/may/17/all-the-light-we-cannot-see-anthony-doerr-review
Boulter, A. (2007) Writing Fiction: Creative and Critical Approaches (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), p. 59.
Shopova, A. (2018) ‘They Come’ in E. Bacon (ed.) Andromeda Spaceways Magazine, 70, 35 (eBook).
King, S. (2013) Under the Dome (London and New York: Hodder and Stoughton), p. 1.
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Bradbury, R. (2008) ‘The Other Foot’, The Illustrated Man, pp. 47–67.
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Collins, S. (2008) The Hunger Games (London: Scholastic), p. 3.
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Boulter, p. 78
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