This chapter will dwell more deeply on the relationships between cities and transport, places and flows, activities and mobility. First, it will map out some basic relationships between transport and land use features. It will show how and why transport speed and capacity are related to land use density and diversity. Based on this, it will identify which are more, and less, synergistic combinations of transport and land use developments and policies. Second, the chapter will disentangle the dynamics underlying these synergies. It will introduce a transport land use feedback cycle, and it will discuss some of the research exploring two more specific, topical relationships: how the built environment influences mobility behaviour, and how transport influences area development. Policy implications will be illustrated by means of a discussion of the compact city policy and the urban development impacts of high-speed railways. The basic relationships: speed and diversity,capacity and density When one looks at the evolution of the transport and land use characteristics of cities, some recognizable patterns emerge (Newman and Kenworthy, 1999; Muller, 2004). Prior to the Industrial Revolution, transport options in cities were confined to human power and some animal traction.
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