Practitioner-based research, action research, phenomenography and ethnography are all forms of research that work with human subjects without being experimental or based in any kind of clinical practice. They consider that knowledge and understanding are constructed and interpreted, and look at how people behave in context, in time, and often in the workplace or the place where they live. Many universities now also offer the opportunity to practise these forms of real-world research out in business or community contexts. Some offer the opportunities to become engaged in community, commercial or other real-world projects which involve research processes. Many of these could provide both sound grounding and an entrance into employment after graduation.
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