Virginia Woolf was not regarded as a major feminist thinker until the late 1960s, when Second Wave feminists proved a receptive audience for her two book-length essays, A Room of One’s Own (1929) and Three Guineas (1938). In A Room of One’s Own, Woolf argues that the successful woman writer must be in possession of the same income and degree of privacy as her male counterparts: she ‘must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction’. In Three Guineas Woolf is again concerned with gender equity: here she describes being approached for a donation by a pacifist group, a women’s college and a group devoted to promoting the entry of women into the professions. As a pacifist and advocate of the rights of women she decides to donate a guinea to each. But just as the pacifist movement was unable to prevent the outbreak of the Second World War, so the feminists of the 1920s and 1930s were unable to establish equal rights for women.
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