While gender quotas, women’s policy agencies and gender mainstreaming have emerged as three significant political equality measures in recent years, the three are clearly quite distinct. Women’s policy agencies, promoted as a global strategy roughly twenty years prior to the focus on quotas and mainstreaming, aim to promote both the substantive and descriptive representation of women, giving individual women greater access to policy-making arenas and promoting women’s group interests in specific policy fields. These functions appear to be disentangled somewhat in gender quotas and gender mainstreaming, with quotas focusing on presence but offering no guarantees in terms of formal mechanisms that this will result in the substantive representation of women, and gender mainstreaming focusing on integrating ‘a gender perspective’ into the policy-making process but offering no commitment regarding the increased participation of women.
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- Working Together? Analysing Interrelations
Mona Lena Krook
- Macmillan Education UK
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