Both the literature review and the methodology and methods sections of your dissertation/thesis or journal article need to situate your work in the field, and develop and defend your own argument and contribution. The literature review is the key area in which you develop your own voice and ensure that your work is built on, and in a dialogue with, the theorists and practitioners, critics and other professionals who engage in and write about your field. In the methodology and methods section or chapter you also situate your work in terms of the methodology, which you define and defend, and the methods, which need explaining and arguing for. Here you indicate to others that you are aware of the range of methodologies and know how your own world view and that of the discipline and the research area can be supported. You also show how your world view, discipline and research area are enabled and understood through a particular methodology and the methods of data collection it underpins. Both literature review and methodology and methods sections or chapters situate your work in the appropriate literature and show that you understand theories, those you use and those you don’t, that you understand methodologies, research methods and practices, and current work in the field, and can argue for the source of your work and how it depends upon these.
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